This easy to use resource, Reading Between the Lines, is designed to help with the teaching of comprehension throughout Key Stage 1. It is used to teach children how to ‘read between the lines’ or to use inference and deduction to find information and understand a story.
It can be difficult to teach inference to young children, particularly those who struggle with their reading. This resource uses pictures as a first step, meaning that even poor readers can access the activities.
All the resources are provided so there is very little preparation required. In fact, once you’re familiar with the way the book works you can just pick it up and use it with no planning at all.
There are 32 units, one for nearly every week of the school year. In each unit there is one image and two texts. These can be used as either a whole class activity, for example on an interactive whiteboard, or during guided reading sessions.
Year 1 children look at the pictures and answer questions about what they know is happening and then what they think is happening. They are encouraged to make predictions based on evidence within the pictures.
In Year 2, children read or listen to a short text and learn to talk about what is very obvious and what is inferred. They then get the opportunity to make up a story around the text.
In addition, the Year 2 children have the opportunity to compare the first text with another where everything is made very obvious. They evaluate the impact this has on them as a reader and discuss the language which has been used in the two texts.
The units provide evidence for the following Assessing Pupil Progress Assessment Focuses (AFs):
The resource also comes with an accompanying CD which has a complete Microsoft® Word version of the resource which can be customised to suit your needs and a full colour copy of all the images used within the booklet.
If you are interested in this resource you might also be interested in our other popular publication by the same author Phonics Planning.
"Great for teaching our year 1 and 2's about inference. Perfect! Thank you!" - TES user Manadye20
"This is just what I need for Year 2. The Y1 questions will be great for the less able. 5 stars." - TES user DADaniel
What is this resource for?
Using this resource
Writing and assessment
Appendix 1: Independent work using a photograph
Appendix 2: Independent work using a text
Appendix 3: Examples of children's work
Appendix 4: Using the texts to teach writing
Appendix 5: Guided reading record sheet
It can often be very difficult to teach inference to less able readers because they cannot access challenging texts. Texts that support the teaching of 'reading between the lines' or inference and deduction, dont' normally appear until later in the book bands, for example, turquoise level (NC level 1A). The use of photographs as a first approach in this resource means all children can develop these important comprehension skills. This resource contains 32 units (nearly one a week of the academic year). Each unit contains one photograph and two texts.
Text 1 provides a story or explanation about the photograph that uses inference to give information (there are hints, but the author doesn't explicitly say what is happening); Text 2 is an alternative text which makes the story really obvious. There is little or no inference and the simplicity of the text provides a good comparison with Text 1.
The texts are written to support the teaching of inference and deduction and will probably need to be read to the children. The point of the exercise is not for the children to decode the texts but to understand and answer questions about it.
These texts and photographs can all be printed or shown on an interactive whiteboard.
Choose one photograph or text per week to use either in quided reading or in a whole class activity. It is recommended that this activity is carried out weekly so that the children learn how to use the resources and become more confident. With regular use the activity should be done within about 20 minutes or during a guided reading session.
To use the resource in Year 1, begin by studying the photographs with the children to see what information is explicit and which is inferred. Teach children how to 'read between the lines' by asking them to explain what is happening in the photograph and then discussing alternative stories or explanations.
Year 2 children can begin to learn how to 'read between the lines' using the two texts in each unit. Use Text 1 to see how a writer can give you more information by inferring things or dropping hints. Encourage children to discuss what they thing is happening and to back up their ideas using evidence from the text.
Children then compare Text 1 and Text 2 to see which is more effective. By comparing the texts children will begin to understand the power a writer has to choose words and give information to the reader using inference. It is important that in each year group the children are given the opportunity to express their own opinions about what is happening in the photograph or story.
Where the questions require the retrieval of specific words or themes from the text, prompts have been added after the questions in italics to enable teachers to find the information quickly and explain it simply. Simpler questions and those involving speculation are left unanswered. The 'prompts' are not to be read out to the children.